What are some Supreme Court original cases?

By | November 29, 2016

Two kinds of cases are put before the Supreme Court: appeals from the appeals court and original jurisdiction cases.  Original jurisdiction cases are usually between states. There haven’t been that many. Its Wikipedia page only lists about 27 cases.

A lot of cases were over border disputes: New Hampshire v. Maine, Florida v. GeorgiaMaryland v. West Virginia, New Jersey v. DelawareNew Mexico v. Texas, New York v. Connecticut, Alabama v. Georgia, Missouri v. Iowa, Rhode Island v. Massachusetts,  United States v. Maine, & Virginia v. Tennessee.

Texas v. White and Virginia v. West Virginia were both cases that originated during the Civil War. The former established that even though Texas was a Confederate state when they issued bonds, they were still required to repay them after the war. The latter established that despite seceding from Virginia, West Virginia was still liable for 1/3 of Virginia’s debt.

Marbury v. Madison formally established the difference between the executive and judicial branches of government.

Oregon v. Mitchell & South Carolina v. Katzenbach  were both cases that involved voting rights. The former about a state’s obligation to conform to a voting act for federal elections and the latter challenging the constitutionality Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Pennsylvania v. New York was a particularly unique case because it established that if Western Union had a money order between two states that was unclaimed, the unclaimed amount should go to the state where Western Union is incorporated: New York.

Wisconsin v. Illinoisis the Supreme Court case that established that the United States government can impose an action on one state if they refuse to desist an action that would damage another state.

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